What is CBG?

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a fascinating cannabinoid that has gained significant attention in recent years. As the cannabis industry continues to expand, researchers and enthusiasts alike are exploring the potential therapeutic benefits of CBG. In this article, we will delve into what CBG is, how it is made, its health benefits, potential side effects, and its role in the broader context of cannabinoids.

What is CBG?

CBG, short for cannabigerol, is one of many cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. It is considered a minor cannabinoid because it is present in lower concentrations compared to more well-known cannabinoids like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). CBG is typically found in the early stages of cannabis plant growth and gradually converts into other cannabinoids as the plant matures.

How is CBG Made?

CBG is synthesized within cannabis plants through a precursor compound called cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). As the plant grows, specific enzymes break down CBGA and convert it into various cannabinoids, including CBG, THC, and CBD. However, the majority of CBGA is usually converted into other cannabinoids, resulting in lower levels of CBG in mature cannabis plants.To obtain higher concentrations of CBG, selective breeding and genetic manipulation techniques are employed to develop cannabis strains with increased CBG content. Additionally, some extraction methods, such as CO2 extraction or chromatography, can isolate CBG from other cannabinoids to create CBG-rich products.

Health Benefits of CBG:

  • Potential Anti-Inflammatory Properties: CBG has shown promise as a potential anti-inflammatory agent. Studies suggest that it may help reduce inflammation in conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), arthritis, and neuroinflammation.
  • Neuroprotective Effects: Research indicates that CBG may have neuroprotective properties, offering potential therapeutic benefits for neurological disorders such as Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Pain Relief: CBG may interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a crucial role in pain perception. This interaction suggests that CBG might offer analgesic properties, making it a potential alternative for managing pain.
  • Glaucoma Management: CBG has been studied for its potential in reducing intraocular pressure, a key factor in glaucoma development. While more research is needed, CBG’s potential as a glaucoma treatment is promising.
  • Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties: CBG has exhibited antimicrobial properties against various bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It may also show effectiveness against fungal infections, making it a potentially valuable addition to antimicrobial therapies.

Potential Side Effects of CBG:

While CBG is generally well-tolerated, it’s essential to be aware of potential side effects, although they are typically mild and temporary. Some individuals may experience:

  • Dry Mouth: CBG, like other cannabinoids, may cause a temporary decrease in saliva production, leading to a dry mouth sensation.
  • Drowsiness: In some cases, CBG may induce feelings of relaxation and drowsiness, especially when consumed in higher doses. As a result, it’s advisable to avoid operating heavy machinery or driving while under the influence of CBG.
  • Interaction with Medications: CBG may interact with certain medications. If you are taking prescription drugs, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating CBG into your routine.


CBG, the lesser-known cannabinoid, holds immense potential for its therapeutic properties. From its anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects to its potential use in pain management and glaucoma treatment, CBG offers exciting possibilities for the future of cannabis-based medicine. While side effects are generally mild, it is essential to exercise caution, seek professional advice, and consider individual circumstances before using CBG products. As research on CBG continues to expand, we can anticipate more comprehensive insights into its benefits and applications in the years to come.

Table of Contents

Subscribe for more articles like this delivered straight to your inbox!